Respiratory diseases are a group of disorders that affect the respiratory system, which includes the lungs, bronchi, trachea, and alveoli in the human body. One common respiratory disease is asthma, which is characterized by inflammation and constriction of the airways, leading to difficulty breathing. Asthma affects more than 350 million people and is the most common chronic disease of childhood worldwide.
Another common respiratory disease is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a group of diseases that cause cause breathing problems and reduced lung function. COPD is often caused by smoking and can be treated with EMG, medications, oxygen therapy and lifestyle changes.